Proliferation of T cell by IL-10

Human IL-10 has been reported previously to inhibit the secretion of IFN-gamma in PBMC. In this study, we have found that human IL-10 inhibits T cell proliferation to either mitogen or anti-CD3 mAb in the presence of accessory cells. Inhibited T cell growth by IL-10 was associated with reduced production of IFN-gamma and IL-2. Studies of T cell subset inhibition by human IL-10 showed that CD4+, CD8+, CD45RA high, and CD45RA low cells are all growth inhibited to a similar degree. Dose response experiments demonstrated that IL-10 inhibits secretion of IFN-gamma more readily than T cell proliferation to mitogen. In addition, IL-2 and IL-4 added exogenously to IL-10 suppressed T cell cultures reversed completely the inhibition of T cell proliferation, but had little or no effect on inhibition of IFN-gamma production. Thus, in addition to its previously reported biologic properties, IL-10 inhibits human T cell proliferation and IL-2 production in response to mitogen. Inhibition of IFN-gamma production by IL-10 appears to be independent of the cytokine effect of IL-2 production.

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