Progeria syndrome

Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the dramatic, rapid appearance of aging beginning in childhood. Affected children typically look normal at birth and in early infancy, but then grow more slowly than other children and do not gain weight at the expected rate (failure to thrive). They develop a characteristic facial appearance including prominent eyes, a thin nose with a beaked tip, thin lips, a small chin, and protruding ears. Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome also causes hair loss (alopecia), aged-looking skin, joint abnormalities, and a loss of fat under the skin (subcutaneous fat). This condition does not disrupt intellectual development or the development of motor skills such as sitting, standing, and walking.


  Subscribe in a reader


Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria syndrome is an extremely rare condition in which physical aspects of aging are greatly accelerated, and few affected children live past age 13. About 1 in 8 million babies are born with this condition. It is a genetic condition, but occurs sporadically and is usually not inherited in families.progeria syndrome is considered an autosomal dominant condition, which means one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. The condition results from new mutations in the LMNA gene, and almost always occurs in people with no history of the disorder in their family.
Causes
Mutaion is LMNA gene causes Progeria syndrome,LMNA is a gene which povides instruction to make a parotein called Lamin A,Lamin A protein plays important role in determining the shape of the nuclues within cells,It si essential component for nuclear envelope,Mutationsin this gene causes abnormal version of lamin A protein,This altered protein makes teh nuclear envelope unstable and progressively damages the nuclues,making cells more likely to die Prematurely.

No comments:
Write comments
Recommended Posts × +