Cdk2 Video

Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 also known as CDK2 is a human gene.The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the cyclin-dependent kinase family of Ser/Thr protein kinases. This protein kinase is highly similar to the gene products of S. cerevisiae cdc28, and S. pombe cdc2. It is a catalytic subunit of the cyclin-dependent kinase complex, whose activity is restricted to the G1-S phase of the cell cycle, and is essential for the G1/S transition. This protein associates with and is regulated by the regulatory subunits of the complex including cyclin E or A. Cyclin E binds G1 phase Cdk2, which is required for the transition from G1 to S phase while binding with Cyclin A is required to progress through the S phase. Its activity is also regulated by phosphorylation. Two alternatively spliced variants and multiple transcription initiation sites of this gene have been reported.


Inhibitors
Known CDK inhibitors are p21Cip1 (CDKN1A) and p27Kip1 (CDKN1B). Drugs which inhibit Cdk2 and arrest the cell cycle may reduce the sensitivity of the epithelium to many cell cycle-active antitumor agents and therefore represent a strategy for prevention of chemotherapy-induced alopecia.

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